path: root/icmp.h
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* treewide: Mark constant references as constStefano Brivio2022-03-291-5/+5
| | | | Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* treewide: Packet abstraction with mandatory boundary checksStefano Brivio2022-03-291-2/+2
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Implement a packet abstraction providing boundary and size checks based on packet descriptors: packets stored in a buffer can be queued into a pool (without storage of its own), and data can be retrieved referring to an index in the pool, specifying offset and length. Checks ensure data is not read outside the boundaries of buffer and descriptors, and that packets added to a pool are within the buffer range with valid offset and indices. This implies a wider rework: usage of the "queueing" part of the abstraction mostly affects tap_handler_{passt,pasta}() functions and their callees, while the "fetching" part affects all the guest or tap facing implementations: TCP, UDP, ICMP, ARP, NDP, DHCP and DHCPv6 handlers. Suggested-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* passt: Fix build with gcc 7, use std=c99, enable some more Clang checkersStefano Brivio2021-10-211-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Unions and structs, you all have names now. Take the chance to enable bugprone-reserved-identifier, cert-dcl37-c, and cert-dcl51-cpp checkers in clang-tidy. Provide a ffsl() weak declaration using gcc built-in. Start reordering includes, but that's not enough for the llvm-include-order checker yet. Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* LICENSES: Add license text files, add missing notices, fix SPDX tagsStefano Brivio2021-10-201-0/+5
| | | | | | | | | | SPDX tags don't replace license files. Some notices were missing and some tags were not according to the SPDX specification, too. Now reuse --lint from the REUSE tool (https://reuse.software/) passes. Reported-by: Martin Hauke <mardnh@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* tap: Completely de-serialise input message batchesStefano Brivio2021-09-271-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | | | | Until now, messages would be passed to protocol handlers in a single batch only if they happened to be dequeued in a row. Packets interleaved between different connections would result in multiple calls to the same protocol handler for a single connection. Instead, keep track of incoming packet descriptors, arrange them in sequences, and call protocol handlers only as we completely sorted input messages in batches. Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* icmp: Work around possible failure on bind() due to e.g. broken SELinux policyStefano Brivio2021-07-261-1/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | If we can't bind() ping sockets, the echo identifier sent out from the socket won't be the original one seen from the tap. Binding a ping socket doesn't require any security capability, but it might still fail due to a broken SELinux policy, see for example: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1848929 Track the ICMP echo identifier as part of the epoll reference for the socket and replace it in the reply on mismatch. We won't send out the original identifier as sent from the guest, but still better than missing replies. Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* passt: Add PASTA mode, major reworkStefano Brivio2021-07-171-6/+18
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | PASTA (Pack A Subtle Tap Abstraction) provides quasi-native host connectivity to an otherwise disconnected, unprivileged network and user namespace, similarly to slirp4netns. Given that the implementation is largely overlapping with PASST, no separate binary is built: 'pasta' (and 'passt4netns' for clarity) both link to 'passt', and the mode of operation is selected depending on how the binary is invoked. Usage example: $ unshare -rUn # echo $$ 1871759 $ ./pasta 1871759 # From another terminal # udhcpc -i pasta0 2>/dev/null # ping -c1 pasta.pizza PING pasta.pizza ( 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from ( icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=34.6 ms --- pasta.pizza ping statistics --- 1 packets transmitted, 1 received, 0% packet loss, time 0ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 34.575/34.575/34.575/0.000 ms # ping -c1 spaghetti.pizza PING spaghetti.pizza(2606:4700:3034::6815:147a (2606:4700:3034::6815:147a)) 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 2606:4700:3034::6815:147a (2606:4700:3034::6815:147a): icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=29.0 ms --- spaghetti.pizza ping statistics --- 1 packets transmitted, 1 received, 0% packet loss, time 0ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 28.967/28.967/28.967/0.000 ms This entails a major rework, especially with regard to the storage of tracked connections and to the semantics of epoll(7) references. Indexing TCP and UDP bindings merely by socket proved to be inflexible and unsuitable to handle different connection flows: pasta also provides Layer-2 to Layer-2 socket mapping between init and a separate namespace for local connections, using a pair of splice() system calls for TCP, and a recvmmsg()/sendmmsg() pair for UDP local bindings. For instance, building on the previous example: # ip link set dev lo up # iperf3 -s $ iperf3 -c ::1 -Z -w 32M -l 1024k -P2 | tail -n4 [SUM] 0.00-10.00 sec 52.3 GBytes 44.9 Gbits/sec 283 sender [SUM] 0.00-10.43 sec 52.3 GBytes 43.1 Gbits/sec receiver iperf Done. epoll(7) references now include a generic part in order to demultiplex data to the relevant protocol handler, using 24 bits for the socket number, and an opaque portion reserved for usage by the single protocol handlers, in order to track sockets back to corresponding connections and bindings. A number of fixes pertaining to TCP state machine and congestion window handling are also included here. Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* icmp: Implement ping tracking based on echo identifiersStefano Brivio2021-05-211-4/+0
| | | | | | | | | Open and bind a socket for each possible ICMP/ICMPv6 echo identifier, and add a tracking mechanism. Otherwise, multiple pings in parallel won't work, and a single ping to a different destination would make an existing ping sequence stop working. Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* udp, passt: Introduce socket packet buffer, avoid getsockname() for UDPStefano Brivio2021-04-301-1/+1
| | | | | | | | | | This is in preparation for scatter-gather IO on the UDP receive path: save a getsockname() syscall by setting a flag if we get the numbering of all bound sockets in a strict sequence (expected, in practice) and repurpose the tap buffer to be also a socket receive buffer, passing it down to protocol handlers. Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* udp: Connection tracking for ephemeral, local ports, and related fixesStefano Brivio2021-04-291-2/+3
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | As we support UDP forwarding for packets that are sent to local ports, we actually need some kind of connection tracking for UDP. While at it, this commit introduces a number of vaguely related fixes for issues observed while trying this out. In detail: - implement an explicit, albeit minimalistic, connection tracking for UDP, to allow usage of ephemeral ports by the guest and by the host at the same time, by binding them dynamically as needed, and to allow mapping address changes for packets with a loopback address as destination - set the guest MAC address whenever we receive a packet from tap instead of waiting for an ARP request, and set it to broadcast on start, otherwise DHCPv6 might not work if all DHCPv6 requests time out before the guest starts talking IPv4 - split context IPv6 address into address we assign, global or site address seen on tap, and link-local address seen on tap, and make sure we use the addresses we've seen as destination (link-local choice depends on source address). Similarly, for IPv4, split into address we assign and address we observe, and use the address we observe as destination - introduce a clock_gettime() syscall right after epoll_wait() wakes up, so that we can remove all the other ones and pass the current timestamp to tap and socket handlers -- this is additionally needed by UDP to time out bindings to ephemeral ports and mappings between loopback address and a local address - rename sock_l4_add() to sock_l4(), no semantic changes intended - include <arpa/inet.h> in passt.c before kernel headers so that we can use <netinet/in.h> macros to check IPv6 address types, and remove a duplicate <linux/ip.h> inclusion Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* passt: Spare some syscalls, add some optimisations from profilingStefano Brivio2021-04-231-0/+4
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Avoid a bunch of syscalls on forwarding paths by: - storing minimum and maximum file descriptor numbers for each protocol, fall back to SO_PROTOCOL query only on overlaps - allocating a larger receive buffer -- this can result in more coalesced packets than sendmmsg() can take (UIO_MAXIOV, i.e. 1024), so make sure we don't exceed that within a single call to protocol tap handlers - nesting the handling loop in tap_handler() in the receive loop, so that we have better chances of filling our receive buffer in fewer calls - skipping the recvfrom() in the UDP handler on EPOLLERR -- there's nothing to be done in that case and while at it: - restore the 20ms timer interval for periodic (TCP) events, I accidentally changed that to 100ms in an earlier commit - attempt using SO_ZEROCOPY for UDP -- if it's not available, sendmmsg() will succeed anyway - fix the handling of the status code from sendmmsg(), if it fails, we'll try to discard the first message, hence return 1 from the UDP handler Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* passt: Introduce packet batching mechanismStefano Brivio2021-04-221-1/+2
| | | | | | | | | | Receive packets in batches from AF_UNIX, check if they can be sent with a single syscall, and batch them up with sendmmsg() in case. A bit rudimentary, currently only implemented for UDP, but it seems to work. Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>
* passt: Introduce ICMP echo proxyStefano Brivio2021-03-181-0/+20
It's nice to be able to confirm connectivity using ICMP or ICMPv6 echo requests, and "ping" sockets on Linux (IPPROTO_ICMP datagram) allow us to do that without any special capability. Signed-off-by: Stefano Brivio <sbrivio@redhat.com>